First, the summer comes the best time for breeding parrots and well domesticated - wavy, cockatiels, lovebirds. Birds have already managed to "graze" on fresh greens, pogrelis in the sun, and daylight hours allows sufficient to fully feed the future chicks.
Parrots can successfully launch the offspring of the late fall and even winter, but the birds have grown high-grade, need special conditions: the length of daylight hours should be increased to 15-16 hours a day due to electric lighting, the cell must be fresh greens, fresh sprigs of linden, mountain ash and other trees. Should not be bred parrots in early spring. As a result of the fact that the birds in winter receive little sunlight, and in vegetables and fruit in the spring is short of vitamins and other mineral substances, their offspring usually weakened.
Breeding of adjusted suspension of nest boxes. To ensure that they do not occupy much space in the cells, they are placed outside. The diet of birds is also changing. They give more protein feed - eggs, cottage cheese. Well add kaltsesoderzhaschie drugs (calcium glutamate and calcium glycerophosphate in the ratio 2:1) at a cost of 1 tablet for a couple of wavy gluconate in 2 days. In the cell have to be a crush of eggshell - its consumption in the breeding period is greatly increased. Lack of calcium in the body of birds leads to the fact that the shell eggs is formed incorrectly or not at all the eggs are covered with hard-shell, and are only in the soft shell. Such eggs female woodcocks are very difficult to demolish, which often leads to its demise.
This general recommendation for any kind of domesticated parrots. Then the differences begin in the marriage behavior in the incubation and fl edging in different kinds of parrots. We consider the three most common species in the amateurs - wavy, cockatiels, lovebirds. Let's start with wavy.
Thus, cluster house for wavy parrot has internal dimensions: bottom 15x15 cm, height 25 cm, 4.5 cm in diameter notches (located approximately 3 cm from the top edge).
Perch on which the male feeds the female, and later the chicks, one end comes out about 10 cm, and the inside of 1,5 cm or across the entire booth. Its end inside the nesting female can safely go down, not jumping on the eggs and not damaging the eggs. At the bottom of the box is put a layer of sawdust approximately 3 cm No other materials put in the house should not be. The lid makes nests, usually removable, which allows you to monitor the growth of chicks and easy to clean house.
Parakeets can start breeding at 6-7 months, But early clutch can be dangerous for the female woodcocks, as yet not fully develop and strengthen the muscles of the oviduct. And if the female can not smash, then without assistance, she will die. This bird is easy to learn: it usually comes out of the house and sits at the bottom of the cells ruffled. It needs to create a warm, calm and gently drip in the beak and the cloaca sunflower oil. If in the next two hours the bird is not vectored, you need the help of an experienced poultry.
Young males are poorly fed female woodcocks and chicks. Therefore it is best to breed budgerigars after year. The highest fertility in budgerigars is for 2 - 3 years old.
If the couple is chosen well, the birds are always together, know each other well, even in the pack. The male is constantly courting a female goes through her feathers, feed from the beak. Birds often "kiss". After hanging a house in 8-10 days, the female lays first egg will continue to postpone their next day. The number of eggs per batch is from 3-4 to 6-8, sometimes 10-12.
After laying 1-2 eggs, the female proceeds to brooding, and at the same time continues the clutch. Female woodcocks from the nest without leaving the male feeds her, and sometimes even sitting with her in the house. Hatching chicks are at 17-18-day, sometimes 19-20-th. Exit chicks are not at the same time, stretched for a long time. A day later, if 4 chicks in the nest, the fledglings from the first to exit last week passes. Before the release of the egg shell of chick becomes very thin, as part of it is to build the skeleton of the embryo. At this time, disturb the birds, even to control undesirable that in fear they are not broken eggs.
A day or two before the chicks hatch the parents begin to give a little more soft and grain feed. Hatched chicks fed female and the male brings her food. Later, when the chicks grow up a bit, too, the male begins to feed them.
Hatched parrots have a very ugly appearance - blind, naked, with sparse yellowish fuzz a disproportionately large head, long legs and neck. After 6 - 7 days they have open eyes, 8-day 10 on the back and head feathers appear stumps. By 11 - the 13th day they are fully covered by downy feathers appear hemp primary wing and steering. The first 2 weeks the chicks grow very quickly, then their growth slows down, but there is an intensive growth of pen cover. For months of age the chicks are fully covered with feathers. At this time, they begin to leave the nest. After 1-2 weeks, they have already learned to produce food themselves. After that, they should be otsadit, which allows parents to safely carry out a second clutch. In the year to 2.3 is recommended masonry, and then remove the house and, even if they already have eggs, breeding should be stopped. Eggs are blaming the other pair, or simply discarded. Birds should be allowed to rest.